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woman holding eyeIs It Eye Allergies or Dry Eyes?

Eye Allergy and Dry Eye symptoms tend to be very similar. They both include redness, itchiness, tearing, and a gritty or burning sensation in the eyes.


Is it really an allergic reaction, or could it be Dry Eyes? Before running to the pharmacy for some antihistamines, it would be worth digging into the cause of these reactions in order to assure that you’re choosing the right treatment option.

If you’ve been using artificial tears, prescription allergy medication, or other over the counter medicine to relieve the itchy, dry feeling, but see no improvement— it may be worth visiting the The Dry Eye Center at Drs. Farkas, Kassalow, Resnick & Associates and speaking with Dr. Farkas, Dr. Kassalow, and Dr. Resnick, who can provide a diagnosis and solution for your condition.

What’s the Difference Between Eye Allergies and Dry Eyes?

Eye allergies, also known as allergic conjunctivitis, occur when the eyes react to elements that irritate them (allergens). One can develop eye allergies from pet dander, dust, pollen, smoke, perfumes, or even certain foods. To fight off the allergen, the eyes produce a substance called histamine, which causes the eyelids to become red, swollen and itchy — and at times to tear and burn. Those with eye allergies tend to experience nasal allergies as well, which include an itchy, stuffy nose, along with frequent sneezing.

People with Dry Eyes suffer from eyes that feel dry, itchy, swollen, irritated, and at times very painful. Dry eye syndrome can be developed as a result of genetics, age, environment, lifestyle, medications, and the overall health of your eyes. When one has dry eyes, the eyes are either not producing enough tears to keep your eye lubricated, or the tears are not composed of the correct balance of water, lipids, and mucous to maintain proper lubrication.

How Are Eye Allergies and Dry Eyes Treated?

eye drops

Eye allergies can be treated using artificial tears, medicated eye drops, decongestants, antihistamines, or anti-inflammatory medications. Depending on your specific case, Dr. Farkas, Dr. Kassalow, and Dr. Resnick may recommend a combination of treatments.

However, if it is determined that you have dry eyes, Dr. Farkas, Dr. Kassalow, and Dr. Resnick may suggest artificial tears or lubricant eye drops to alleviate the discomfort, and in some cases, may even prescribe drops or steroids. For patients with more acute cases of dry eyes, the doctor might suggest alternative treatment options, such as LipiFlow, True Tear, TearCare or scleral lenses.

If you’re suffering from any of the above symptoms, speak with , who will examine and thoroughly assess the source of these reactions, determine whether they are caused by allergies or Dry Eyes, and provide the right treatment.

The The Dry Eye Center at Drs. Farkas, Kassalow, Resnick & Associates services patients from New York City, The East Side, Roslyn, Nassau County, and throughout New York.

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2015 Newsletter

It is with great enthusiasm that we highlight the newest breakthroughs in contact lenses, spectacle lens technologies, and preventative and therapeutic eye care. As always, we have worked hard to carefully and critically evaluate and adopt only those innovations that both exceed our lofty expectations and deliver meaningful benefits.

We invite you to use this pamphlet as a guide for further discussion at your next visit. Grab your favorite pen and mark it up – circle, underline, and star all that interests you! We value the challenge of successfully meeting your needs and goals.


Fashion, Form and Fun!

Our optical boutiques, unique in their offerings of frame styles and selection are sure to provide you with an enjoyable prescription filling experience. We search far and wide (and never stop) to bring you a collection of eyewear designs that beautifully complement your tastes, visual needs, and budget. Be sure to browse our newly renovated OPTICAL at FKR in both our NYC and Roslyn locations.

Beating the Blues…

Smart phones, tablets, and computers all emit high amounts of harmful blue light. Repeated exposure to these high energy wavelengths has been shown to affect ocular health, increasing your risk of age-related macular degeneration and speeding the rate of cataract progression.

We now offer a complete line of ophthalmic lenses that goes beyond optical correction! Our selective photo-protective ophthalmic lenses filter out UV radiation and significantly attenuate harmful blue-violet light. As you “upgrade” your digital devices, why not do the very same for your eyeglasses?


Progressive Lenses: Jack of all Trades, Master of None

Do your customary progressives cramp your style at work? Are you suffering from neck strain, eye strain and a narrow field of vision while at your desk and computer? If so, let us take you from customary to customized! Innovations in digital lens fabrication enable us to precisely focus your prescription to your individual home or office work space. Don’t be shy – bring “your measurements” along with you to your next visit!

Not the Progressive Type?

Even if your visual preferences and adaptive profile trend toward “good old-fashioned bifocals” there’s something new for you. High definition, no distortion, seamless “no line” bifocals are here! Why not look as young as the “progressive” folks? Available in both clear lenses and sunglasses.

Contact Lens Insights

Dailies News

It’s no surprise that daily disposable contact lenses continue to be the most requested and prescribed modality – they offer the safest, most convenient and, for many, the most comfortable experience in contact lens wear. New choices in materials along with a wider range of prescriptions virtually ensure there’s a daily disposable waiting for you!

DAILIES® TOTAL1® Water Gradient Contact Lenses – the newest offering from Alcon boasts ultra-high oxygen permeability with an extremely moist surface. This lens is a proven winner in delivering all day comfort. If by chance you’ve dropped out of lens wear due to previous comfort issues, or simply wish to take your comfort to the next level, ask us for a “test drive”.

FRESH DAY™ – the number one daily disposable product in Europe has crossed the pond and landed here first! Available to correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia (“the over 40 reading problem”) this silicone hydrogel family of lenses delivers excellent comfort, vision and handling. If you’re new to dailies or considering weekend or “social wear”, FRESH DAY™ may be the lens for you.

Beautifully Bold or Bashfully Beautiful?

Are you looking for that total color transformation or greater definition and enhancement of your eyes’ natural beauty? Whichever you’re cosmetically craving, we have two new creations for you!

AIR OPTIX® COLORS – Whether you are looking for a subtle or vibrant effect, AIR OPTIX®COLORS contact lenses from Alcon offer an option for you. With AIR OPTIX® COLORS monthly replacement contact lenses, enjoy breathable, comfortable, and beautiful contact lens wear in a full range of colors—with or without vision correction.

1-DAY ACUVUE® DEFINE™ Brand Contact Lenses – From the trusted laboratories at Johnson & Johnson, comes 1-DAY ACUVUE® DEFINE™ Brand Contact Lenses.

We are proud to be among the first to offer this new category of beauty enhancing contact lenses. 1-DAY ACUVUE® DEFINE™ Contact Lenses are available in three options to complement all eye colors. They heighten the appearance and brightness of the eye in two ways; first by creating a clearly defined limbal ring (the outline around the iris), and second, by using iris-inspired designs that have light-effect patterns that add depth and dimension without changing the eye’s natural coloring. Feel free to request a try-on at your next visit!

Bigger May, Indeed, Be Better…..

For our patients with Keratoconus and other corneal irregularities who may not be achieving the high level of comfort and the consistency of vision that they desire, we now bring you scleral contact lenses. These ultra large diameter rigid oxygen permeable lenses are extraordinarily versatile and comfortable; we design them for virtually all corneal shapes and in an extensive array of prescriptions. And the best part: the larger diameter ensures they don’t pop out!


What’s on the Surface DOES Matter!

Promoting and maintaining ocular surface wellness comprises a key aspect of comprehensive eye health care. So what exactly is ocular surface wellness? Simply put, it’s a healthy tear layer that stays in contact with the surface of the eye until your next blink. Symptoms of a compromised tear film which can lead to poor ocular surface health include fluctuating vision (especially on prolonged visual tasks), feelings of sandiness or grittiness, reliance upon frequent use of artificial tears, and reduced comfort with or inability to wear contact lenses. . A healthy tear film is also critical to the best outcomes in refractive surgery, cataract surgery and cosmetic lid surgery.

Our goal is the EARLY detection of ocular surface disease and PROACTIVE intervention.

We utilize the newest diagnostic techniques in our ocular surface evaluations. With just a couple of drops of tears collected from the surface of your eye we can determine your risk for developing symptoms as well as monitor the effectiveness of the treatment plan.

Our LipiView® Ocular Surface Interferometer enables us to digitally image and measure (in seconds) the thickness of the oil layer of your tears as well as your blink rate and blink “style”.

Based on your unique ocular surface health profile, we will tailor a treatment and maintenance program for you. This may include the twelve minute, in-office LipiFlow® Thermal Pulsation Treatment to rejuvenate your oil producing glands.

If you’re experiencing reduced wearing time with contacts, rely upon frequent use of lubricating drops, or have given up on the traditional “hot compresses”, do inquire whether LipiFlow® is right for you.

Macula Message:

Age-related Macular degeneration (AMD) is a common eye condition and a leading cause of vision loss among people age 60 and older. It causes damage to the macula, the small spot near the center of the retina that we rely on for sharp distance and near vision.

While age and genetics are the two primary non-modifiable risk factors, researchers have found links between AMD and some lifestyle choices, such as smoking. You may be able to reduce your risk of AMD or slow its progression by avoiding smoking, exercising regularly, maintaining normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and eating a healthy diet rich in green, leafy vegetables and fish.

Assessing Your Risk

We recommend a quick and simple in- office Macula Pigment Optical Density (MPOD) test for all patients 50 and older. Healthy macula pigment density is important for three specific reasons:

• Low MPOD is a key risk factor for AMD

• Healthy MPOD blocks harmful blue light from reaching the visual cells in the back of the eye

• MPOD is associated with visual performance benefits like glare, bright light, and night driving

Please discuss your risk factors with us. Periodic MPOD testing along with appropriate nutritional support are important in the fight against the potentially devastating effects of AMD.

We are honored and appreciative of your ongoing patronage and referrals. As always, we continue to strive to meet and exceed your expectations.

Pink, Stinging Eyes?

Conjunctivitis, also called pink eye, is one of the most frequently seen eye diseases, especially in kids. It can be caused by viruses, bacteria or even allergies to pollen, chlorine in swimming pools, and ingredients in cosmetics, or other irritants, which touch the eyes. Some forms of conjunctivitis might be quite transmittable and quickly spread in school and at the office.

Conjunctivitis is seen when the conjunctiva, or thin transparent layer of tissue covering the white part of the eye, becomes inflamed. You can identify conjunctivitis if you notice eye redness, discharge, itching or swollen eyelids and a crusty discharge surrounding the eyes early in the day. Pink eye infections can be divided into three main types: viral, allergic and bacterial conjunctivitis.

The viral type is usually a result of a similar virus to that which produces the recognizable red, watery eyes, sore throat and runny nose of the common cold. The red, itchy, watery eyes caused by viral pink eye are likely to last from a week to two and then will clear up on their own. You may however, be able to reduce some of the discomfort by using soothing drops or compresses. Viral pink eye is transmittable until it is completely cleared up, so in the meantime maintain excellent hygiene, remove eye discharge and try to avoid using communal pillowcases or towels. If your son or daughter has viral conjunctivitis, he or she will have to be kept home from school for three days to a week until symptoms disappear.

A bacterial infection such as Staphylococcus or Streptococcus is usually treated with antibiotic eye drops or cream. One should notice an improvement within just a few days of antibiotic drops, but be sure to adhere to the full prescription dosage to prevent pink eye from recurring.

Allergic pink eye is not contagious. It is usually a result of a known allergy such as hay fever or pet allergies that sets off an allergic reaction in their eyes. First of all, to treat allergic pink eye, you should eliminate the irritant. Use cool compresses and artificial tears to relieve discomfort in mild cases. When the infection is more severe, your eye doctor might prescribe a medication such as an anti-inflammatory or antihistamine. In cases of chronic allergic pink eye, topical steroid eye drops could be used.

Pink eye should always be diagnosed by a qualified eye doctor in order to identify the type and best course of treatment. Never treat yourself! Keep in mind the sooner you begin treatment, the lower chance you have of giving pink eye to loved ones or prolonging your discomfort.


Welcome to our New Website

We invite you to take a look around our new site to get to know our practice and learn about eye and vision health. You will find a wealth of information about our optometrists, our staff and our services, as well as facts and advice about how to take care of your eyes and protect your vision.

Learn about our Practice specialties including comprehensive eye exams, contact lens fittings and the treatment of eye diseases. Our website also offers you a convenient way to find our hours, address and map, schedule an appointment online, order contact lenses or contact us to ask us any questions you have about eye care and our Practice.

Have a look around our online office and schedule a visit to meet us in person. We are here to partner with you and your family for a lifetime of healthy eyes and vision. We look forward to seeing you!